在2018年,超過21,500人被香港入境處羈留。

Despite these high numbers, little is known about the workings of the immigration detention system.  

(香港入境事務處,2018)

什麼是入境羈留?

入境羈留指的是 practice of detaining persons suspected of violating immigration rules and regulations in closed government facilities.

在香港,入境羈留是 行政拘留 detention. The decision to deprive an individual of liberty for reasons related to their immigration status is made by government officials, not courts.

Hong Kong’s two main immigration detention facilities are Castle Peak Bay Immigration Centre and Ma Tau Kok Detention Centre. Immigration detainees can also be held in prisons, police institutions, border facilities, and more. Anecdotal accounts indicate that individuals are detained anywhere between a few hours and a few years. However, public information about the immigration detention system is very scarce. 

和刑事司法制度的比較

If someone is accused of committing a crime, the criminal charges against them ordinarily have to be proved beyond reasonable doubt by the prosecution in a court of law. A court decides whether and for how long an individual convicted of a crime should be sent to prison. By contrast, an immigration detainee loses their liberty without the check and balance of judicial scrutiny.

入境羈留制度的全球性拓展

The use of immigration detention has expanded significantly in many parts of the world over the past twenty years. Experience in the United States, Europe, Australia, and Asia indicates that many detention systems suffer from procedural unfairness and poor access to legal advice.

被羈留者的經歷

Comparative research shows that immigration detainees often endure harsh living conditions, and 對他們在醫療、教育、工作和正當程序保護上的權利被侵犯。. Separation from family, long waits for decisions, custodial neglect, and past trauma and violence all take a toll on mental health.

關於本項目

This project is a 3-year project at the Faculty of Law within the Chinese University of Hong Kong to evaluate the immigration detention system in Hong Kong in relation to vulnerable migrants. We aim to generate policy-oriented analysis that can help to improve the system and protect the rights and welfare of detainees and their families. 

研究成果

本項目始於2020年7月,將於2023年終止。研究成果及總結將會隨著研究進展在本網站公布。

資料

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