In 2019, there were more immigration detainees than prisoners in Hong Kong.



Immigration detention refers to the practice of detaining persons suspected of violating immigration rules 在封閉的政府設施內。

在香港,入境羈留是 行政拘留 的一種型式。由政府官員裁定,而非法院,裁定基礎視乎個人入境身份相關的理由而剝奪其人身自由。

How is immigration detention different from prison?

If someone is accused of committing a crime, the criminal charges against them ordinarily have to be proved beyond reasonable doubt by the prosecution in a court of law. A court decides whether and for how long an individual convicted of a crime should be sent to prison. By contrast, an immigration detainee loses their liberty without the check and balance of judicial scrutiny.

Where are people detained in Hong Kong?

Hong Kong’s three main immigration detention facilities are:

  • 青山灣入境事務中心
  • 馬頭角羈留中心
  • 大潭峽懲教所

Anecdotal accounts indicate that individuals are detained anywhere between a few hours and a few years.

Castle Peak Bay Immigration Centre
(Credit: South China Morning Post)
Ma Tau Kok Detention Centre
(Credit: Immigration Department)
Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution
(Credit: Correctional Services Department)

However, immigration detainees can also be held in prisons, police stations, and more.

See the graph below for all detention locations.

How to use this visualisation
  • Where are immigration detainees held?
  • Where are minors held?
  • Which authority manages the facilities?
  • What rules govern the treatment of detainees?

Find the answers to the questions by selecting the options under “Group by” and “Color by”.






For individuals seeking help, please see this non-exhaustive list for civil society organizations and other relevant resources.